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A developer’s handbook on Software testing basics

by Altaf Shaikh
A developer's handbook on Software testing basics

The evolution of technology is constant and rapid. This statement means that today’s latest technology will be unusable tomorrow. Furthermore, the software development and testing industry is also evolving; as a result, many new technologies such as big data, artificial intelligence, and machine learning are making their way in the modern software.

Every form of testing is going through a constant evolution. This evolution is introducing new features to the industry. So, if you are a developer or want to be one, you must be aware of all the latest trends in the Software Testing industry. In this article, we are going to discuss the top tips that will help you to catch up with the Software testing basics.

  1. Test Automation

An estimate suggests that the global testing market is growing exponentially in size. The number is estimated to hit $28.8 billion by the end of 2024. This number is equivalent to a total of 18% in the annual expansion rate. So, businesses have to use tools such as DevOps and Agile to adopt automated testing in their company. Test Automation is the only way that can help a company to keep up with the competitive market.

Utilities such as Agile development and DevOps are helping the developers to enable frequent code deployment and fulfill their goal of delivering reliable software. Test automation is an essential part of this process as it removes the need for manual testing from crucial areas in the process. For instance, certain testing phases are redundant for every software. Thus, you can easily automate them, as they don’t require any human interference. This process will save a lot of time and help the developers to deliver high-quality software.

Furthermore, some companies are using Selenium test automation to enable cross-browser testing in their testing process. This process not only helps to save a lot of time and effort but is also cheaper if you compare it with setting up a local testing infrastructure. Thus, test automation is a big part of Testing Basics.

  1.   Progressive App Testing

The Progressive web application technology has completely changed the world for mobile browsing. The Progressive Web Apps ensure that you don’t need to download and install an app to do a job. In this case, you can access and experience all the features of the app by browsing a web-based version of it. Additionally, many studies suggest that Progressive Web Apps have helped to increase user interaction with the app.

However, you have to remember that the smooth functioning of PWA depends a lot on the features of modern browsers. So as a developer, it is your job to ensure that your PWA is functional on old mobile browsers as well. Great cross-browser testing companies like Lamdatest ensure that your progressive web application remains operational on old browsers. They archive this goal by testing your application on 2000 real browsers.

As per various reports, Progressive Web Apps will replace 50% of mobile applications by the end of 2020. So, you must consider Progressive Web App testing as one of the crucial Testing Basics. Selenium Automation testing frameworks will help to enhance the features of Progressive Web Applications.

  1.   Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Artificial intelligence is present throughout all the departments of technology. An estimate suggests that the market for Artificial Intelligence will grow up to $190.6 billion by the end of 2024. This number is equivalent to 36.4% by the annual growth rate. AI has a vital role in ensuring a bright future for Automation testing. Additionally, it will also play a crucial role in the process of data mining and data creation.

The combination of Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning can transform the fate of any software. It can improve automation testing drastically. For instance, AI and ML can help to speed up the testing automation and incorporate cross-browser testing. In simple words, AI and ML will act as one of the crucial factors that will help to revolutionize the Software Testing industry forever.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning will become an integral part of testing automation. This claim means that it will not only require a mindset change of the developers but will also require a shift in the skillset. Furthermore, the QA tools that the companies are using for Selenium testing and cross-browser testing needs to evolve as well, so that they are compatible with AI and ML. For instance, the QA tools for AI and ML will help to increase the speed of UI and GUI testing of software.

Furthermore, this technology will also help to include patterns and visual validation in the Testing Basics. The algorithms for Machine Learning, including image and pattern recognition, will help to increase the testing accuracy of software UI.

  1. A constant focus on shift-left testing and continuous deployment

Many large companies and even the early start-ups are using technologies such as DevOps and shift-left testing to collect feedback about their software in the development phase. Then, they make relative changes based on that feedback before sending the final stable version of the source code for production. Furthermore, Continuous development helps to validate these changes in the source code with the help of automation testing.

Shift-left testing has helped the QA teams to work in perfect coordination with the development and production teams of a software company. The companies are beginning to understand the immense potential of DevOps and shift-left testing. So, DevOps has become a part of shift-left testing. This process will help the QA team to work along with the development team for the faster release of high-quality products. Thus, the entire process of software development and software release will become more integrated and seamless.

  1. QAOps

In the present competitive software world, there must be no quality compromise in any stage of software development. For example, any minor issue on any stage can delay the final customer release of the application. Thus, companies should not restrict the QA Team role in testing only; instead, the QA team should have an active involvement in every stage of the development. DevOps also has a very critical role in this entire process. The reason for that is DevOps helps to automate the complete process. Thus, it will ensure the developer team can quickly implement all the changes in the final build of the application.

QAOps and DevTestOps remove all the boundaries in the software development team. Thus, they are responsible for creating a perfect synchronization between the developments, testing, and production team of the IT Company. In simple terms, QAOps ensure that there is a continuous rate of testing in the development phase. On the other hand, The DevOps also confirms that it can implement all the changes in the final build of the application that the QAOps will suggest. Thus, there is complete synergy in the entire software creation team.

  1.   Multi-Device Testing

A primary part of Software testing basics is to ensure that you perform thorough testing on various devices. In the modern era, the number of smart devices is innumerable, and this is still increasing rapidly. For instance, the customer can access a set of information from devices such as desktop, tablet, smartwatch, smartphone, etc. So, as a developer, you must ensure that your web application is capable of running smoothly on all these devices and provide the same seamless experience to your users.

So, one of the crucial parts of Software Testing includes multi-device testing. It also ensures that your web app is compatible with smart home appliances. Furthermore, multi-device testing will work with cross-browser testing and cross-platform testing to provide the ultimate browsing experience across all smart devices.

  1. Spidering AI

We already discussed that AI is a crucial part of the test automation process. Additionally, the spidering of AI helps to improve the efficiency of the development phase. For instance, this process enables the inclusion of AI in the test scriptwriting process. Automation tools that have AI spidering collect various data about the Software Testing phase. These data include execution time measurement, UI screenshots, and source code recordings, etc. AI repeats this process several times to ensure that AI stores enough data in the automation server. Later, the engine will use this data to train the machine learning about the working pattern of the testing process. Machine learning will perform this testing on the software.

Furthermore, AI spidering will monitor all the test results that the ML will report. AI will compare the data with the initial recordings it had made. In case the AI finds any change in this data in the form of execution time, GUI errors, it will report a possible problem. Then, the system will store all the data in the final test report and send the information to the development team. Thus, the development team can react to it and make changes in the software framework.

  1. Mobile Test Automation

An essential feature of Software testing basics is the inclusion of mobile test automation. The total number of mobile phones is exponentially increasing. A survey estimates that there will be a total of 7740 billion smartphones in the world by the end of 2024. So, the software developers must consider mobile browsers with seriousness. However, the major drawback of mobile devices is that there are variable specifications of them. For instance, thousands of Android devices are released every year with different screen resolutions, operating systems, and screen sizes. So, the developers must consider all these settings. This data will help them to ensure that the web application works flawlessly across all of those.

Mobile test Automation ensures that companies can test their applications on thousands of mobile browsers. This process will reduce the testing time massively. Thus, the companies will be able to release their application at a faster speed. Moreover, cloud-based automation technologies allow companies to test their application on devices that have recently come to the market.

The Verdict

Selenium-based automation testing will remain one of the main focus of Software testing basics. The tips mentioned in this article will help any developer to catch up with the latest Software Testing trends. Advancement in testing tools helps to analyze the engagement of customers with the application. This tool also helps to test the capability of a web app to reach a larger stage.

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