How Are Cryptocurrencies Different from Fiat Currencies?

Rohan Mathew

Some massive altcoin rallies have chipped away at Bitcoin’s dominance over time, bringing in a slew of other promising projects. However, bitcoin and altcoins use the same blockchain technology, so the three key characteristics apply to both (in most cases). We’ll go over these three characteristics: the answers to questions like what makes cryptocurrencies so special? How are cryptocurrencies different from fiat currencies?” and What are cryptocurrencies different from fiat currencies?


Bitcoin is trustless because it was created so that no one needs to trust anyone somewhere for the channel to work. Without first bitcoin, every form of currency mandated you to trust a central government to use it. In every case, the central authority becomes the central flaw that leads to the currency’s demise. Without trusting anyone, each part of the bitcoin ecosystem verifies what the other parts are telling it. When you broadcast a bitcoin transaction, it is received by all nodes, who check the signatures for validity. One of the most revolutionary ideas in modern economics is incentivizing individual network actors through the proof-of-work (PoW) consensus algorithm. You can invest in bitcoins using online trading platform, Get instant access now


The incentive may encourage nodes to maintain their integrity. Even though we are all working out how and when we use cryptocurrencies, they are here to stay. Apart from the other significant advantages of cryptocurrency and blockchain technologies, addressing the centralized confidence problem is a substantial enough innovation to guarantee that crypto has a long-term future.


In the most fundamental meaning, the term “immutable” means “unable to be reversed.” The immutability of blockchain and cryptocurrencies should be based on three principles:

  • Rewriting the past should be incredibly doubtful or impossible.
  • Moving money should be difficult for someone other than the holders of a secret key.

The blockchain maintains records of all transactions. (to ensure the following two principles) We search our spending records with the bank and see how money has been paid from our bank accounts. We trust our banks to deliver our transactions to recipients and not fabricate transactions or exploit our capital. When illegal transactions arise, the bank must be trusted to reverse them and rectify the case.


Since the elements of centralization and confidence have been stripped from blockchain, there is no longer a third entity to which we can entrust certain activities. Consequently, transaction documents are made open to the public and are not prone to alteration (immutable). While modifying the transaction ledger is not unlikely, cryptographic protection makes it incredibly difficult. It necessitates compromising the entire cryptocurrency network. 

A Decentralized Framework

It’s critical to define “decentralization” properly because it’s such a popular buzzword in the crypto community. It may have several connotations. Blockchains are politically decentralized (no one governs them), architecturally decentralized (no infrastructural center points of failure), yet logically centralized (there is a single universally accepted state, and the mechanism acts like a single computer).

Fault Tolerance: 

Because decentralized systems rely on networks of separate components, they are less likely to fail by accident.

  • Attack resistance: Because decentralized systems lack vulnerable central points that can be attacked at a lower cost than the surrounding system, they are more expensive to attack, destroy, or manipulate.
  • Collusion resistance: In open societies, it is more difficult for participants to behave in ways that favor them at the detriment of others. Corporations and legislatures, on the other side, often cooperate in ways that favor them while hurting others.
  • Only central banks and governments have control over the supply and creation of money through mints, as well as interest rates. Users of fiat currencies are subject to the whims of central banks when it comes to money printing.

The problem in this world is that we need to avoid power concentration we need power dispersion. If the central banking money-printing scam hasn’t yet enraged you, consider it a hidden tax when they print and destroy the wealth you’ve stored in those fiat currencies.