Vision deteriorates with age. There are a lot of reasons for this; we will discuss them in this article.
The rapid growth of myopia (nearsightedness) and other eye diseases largely depends on the environmental situation. But the lifestyle of the person plays an equally important role. Experts remind that compliance with simple rules will help maintain good vision until old age. What are these rules and how to take care of eye health?
Why Vision Deteriorates
There are many factors and diseases that lead to visual impairment.
1- Wrong Lightening
Most often it is because of the wrong lighting of rooms and workplaces. In this case, it is worth knowing that the strong lighting affects eyes adversely. Reading in the wrong light requires increased eye strain, which can result in headaches.
Smoking, using drugs, or drinking alcohol leads to many side effects. One of them is vision problems. Alcohol abuse contributes to:
- Dryness Of Eyes: Decrease in the natural ability to lubricate the eyes through your tears. It leads to permanent to long-term changes in vision.
- Change In Eye’s Movement: Issues in focus vision on one target.
- Alcoholic Amblyopia: Due to smoking and excessive drinking a person has to face the bilateral loss of vision.
Now the question arises how to deal with this issue:
– Firstly know your limits when it comes to drinking. Having a glass once in a while won’t have severe implications.
– Get help. You need to contact a specialist to sober yourself. On days when you cannot go out, contact the alcohol abuse hotline, they provide services via phone. Get tips from them to reduce your drinking habits.
3- Exposure To Strong UV Rays
Strong and frequent eye exposure to UV rays can lead to the rapid development of cataracts or macular degeneration. Therefore, when buying sunglasses, it is very important to pay attention to the presence of a special UV filter in them. Some contact lenses provide similar eye protection.
4- Age Factor
The most common cause of acquired blindness and visual impairment in people over 50 is age-related macular degeneration. This disease involves the destruction of a small part of the retina. This condition rarely causes complete blindness, but it can cause significant visual impairment.
5- Wrong Diet
Eating foods that have fewer nutrition levels such as, junk food, fats, and processed food can lead to visionary problems. People who consume a lot of lutein throughout their lives are less prone to visionary problems. And if they have a disease, it proceeds with less serious consequences.
General Tips For Eye Protection
Aging, including the visual system, is an irreversible process in the human body, but some factors can accelerate it. Improper nutrition, stress, regular overwork, and lack of sleep – all this accelerates the wear and tear of the body, including the optic organ. But most of us can help our eyes. All you need to do is to follow a few basic rules:
1- Sunglasses With UV Filter
Sunglasses with a UV filter are a must-have for every person who cares about the health of their eyes. There is a widespread misconception in the world that such protection is needed for the eyes only in summer. But this is not the case. Our eyes need protection all year round. In sunlight, UV rays are always present, but in summer they are several times more active.
Nevertheless, safety glasses are necessary even in winter and especially in early spring, when the eyes need an adaptation period to get used to the brighter and more active sun.
2- Moisturize Your Eyes
Every time you sit down at the computer, you need to moisturize your eyes with special drops. But do not get it without a doctor’s prescription.
3- Safety Glasses
When working with hazardous materials, vapors, or dust, it is recommended to wear safety glasses. A speck in the eye can sometimes cause not just temporary discomfort, but severe irritation or more serious damage that requires medical attention.
4- Using Fresh Cucumber
Compresses using fresh cucumber slices or cotton pads soaked in lukewarm green tea can bring relief to tired eyes. Such compresses should be kept for at least 10 minutes. The substances contained in these products have mild anti-inflammatory and decongestant effects. To prevent dry eye syndrome, experts advise making warm compresses on the eyes, if not daily, then at least 3-4 times a week.
5- Get Lutein
To improve visual acuity, it is useful to take drugs containing lutein. This component helps to maintain visual acuity and has a protective function for the retina.
6- Get Regular Eye Check-Up
Regular preventive examinations by an ophthalmologist can detect most eye diseases in the early stages. People at risk (with diabetes or hypertension) need to be examined annually, the rest at least once every two years.
7- Remove Lenses At Night
People who wear contact lenses must follow the rule of removing them from their eyes at night before taking a shower or going to the pool. Lenses are like a sponge capable of absorbing various substances. And during water procedures, bacteria, and parasites can get on them, which in turn can cause irritation or infection of the eyes.
8- Help Your Eyes When Working At A Computer
Excessive use of a computer can cause eye strain, dry eye, and blurred vision. Nowadays, computers surround a person everywhere and few people succeed in avoiding contact with them. But there are several rules, following which you can alleviate or prevent unpleasant symptoms that arise after many hours of work in front of the screen:
- Place the monitor at the most comfortable level and the correct distance. It is best to keep the eyes level with the top of the screen.
- Try to position the computer so that the screen does not glare from sunlight or lamps, as this further irritates the eyes and causes eye strain.
- Find a comfortable chair with an ergonomic backrest and an appropriate seat height.
- Try to blink as often as possible.
- Exercise your eyes. One of the simplest: every 20 minutes, for at least 20 seconds, look into the distance, for example, outside the window.
Vision is undoubtedly one of the most important senses. Every person who has ever had vision problems knows how important eye health is. The eye is a sensitive organ that requires special attention and care. Nevertheless, taking care of them is not so difficult – it is enough to adhere to the recommendations discussed above.