This Is the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Rohan Mathew

Updated on:

Diabetes sounds like a frightening condition, but it’s actually fairly common. In 2018, 10.5% of the USA’s population had diabetes.

Although it can be a very serious condition, it is manageable. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed, it’s important to be informed — and be aware that there are two types of the disease.

They’re both part of the same condition but have been split into type 1 vs type 2 for a reason. There are variations between them that make the treatment different, as well as day-to-day life for people who are diabetic in many cases.

So what is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

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What Is Diabetes in General?

Diabetes is a condition that hinders the way the body regulates blood sugar. This can lead to high blood sugar levels, which can be very dangerous, and must be controlled.

Many of the symptoms between the two types are the same:

  • Needing to visit the restroom a lot
  • Feeling tired all the time
  • Needing to drink a lot
  • Blurred vision

Despite similar symptoms, however, there are some key differences between the two types.

What, Specifically, Is Type 1 Diabetes?

People with type 1 diabetes cannot produce any insulin because their body is attacking the cells in their pancreas.

Although many factors are speculated to cause type 1 diabetes, medical researchers have not found a specific cause which means it’s difficult to prevent. Genetic factors are thought to play a huge part.

Those with type 1 diabetes have to take insulin since their body cannot produce its own. The symptoms also tend to come on very fast and be very severe, and there is no cure — once you have type 1 diabetes, you will have to take insulin for your whole life.

What, Specifically, Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes means that although the body can produce some insulin, it isn’t enough — or it simply isn’t working properly.

Some people will have to take insulin to make up for this loss, but there are other ways to manage it in more mild cases. Exercise and diet changes have been shown to affect type 2 diabetes and medication such as this product.

The risk factors are a lot clearer for type 2 diabetes. Ethnicity and weight is at play, and there are more preventative measures that can be taken. A balanced diet, healthy weight, and regular exercise should help prevent this type of diabetes from taking hold.

Like type 1, it’s not considered curable, but it can go into remission.

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So What Is the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes? 

The main difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is how much insulin the body can produce. With type 2, it’s at least some and with type 1, it’s none at all.

Although the symptoms are similar, the onset will be much quicker with type 1, and the only action that can be taken is to provide insulin. Type 2 is often easier to treat, and even preventable if you take certain measures before it’s ever diagnosed.

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