In reality, there are many things about cars to remember. But we want to give you the tips about car maintenance: top 5 things you didn’t know about.
Carrying out proper maintenance is essential to improve the reliability and prolong the life of your car. And it is also crucial in avoiding enormous expenses to repair the damage that could easily be avoided by carrying out periodic checks. In this article, we will discuss car maintenance: top 5 things you didn’t know about.
Car maintenance: top 5 things you didn’t know about
1. Tire wear and pressure
As part of car maintenance, we should never forget to check the wear of the tread of our tires. A worn thread loses grip, especially in poor weather or sudden braking will put us in danger. We must replace tires when the tread depth falls below 1.6 millimeters. Therefore, remember to have them periodically checked by the tire specialist. Especially when winter is approaching, you need to pay more attention to the condition of your tires. Because when riding in snowy and icy conditions, it is very slippery, so you need to replace a set of snow tires that is suitable for your car.
Tire wear and pressure
A factor that should not be underestimated at all is the tire pressure. It must comply with reports in the maintenance booklet of the car. Flat tires can cause enormous problems but also over-inflated ones. The flat tires wear out much faster and lead to greater fuel consumption. And the over-inflated tires affect the road-holding of the car negatively.
It is a fundamental operation for safety purposes. You check that the tires have an inflation pressure equal to that stated in the use and maintenance booklet. The value must be between 2 and 2.5 atmospheres.
Besides, you have to check that the tires have a tread of not less than 1.6 millimeters and are suitable for the current season. Always remember to check the spare wheel. It is essential in the event of a puncture.
2. Engine oil and coolant
The engine is the most important part of cars. The car manufacturers compose it of many parts that must be periodically checked, such as spark plugs, oil filter, petrol filter, and many other components. For a simple check, we can easily do it by ourselves. The most important part of ordinary car maintenance is the engine oil level.
Engine oil and coolant
It is essential for the correct operation of the care system. The oil is measured through the special rod which must be extracted, cleaned, and re-immersed. Then, check the level of liquid which must be between the two notches on it.
Always make sure you are using the right oil for your car. It shows the specifications of the prescribed lubricants in the use and maintenance manual. Incorrect oil can impair engine operation, increase fuel consumption, and even cause serious damage.
For remaining the engine in excellent condition, the coolant level in the radiator must also always be at an optimal level. Check it directly from the container where the minimum and maximum levels are indicated. If it has dropped too much, the liquid must be topped up. With the solution of distilled water and antifreeze, we can avoid unpleasant surprises during cold periods.
If during the periodic maintenance of your car, you notice the fluid is consumed too quickly, contact your trusted mechanic as it could be the symptom of a more serious problem. This method also applies to engine oil.
3. Brake pads and fluid
We must replace disc brake pads to wear out with use and at the right time for two major reasons. Worn pads do not guarantee optimal braking and put our safety at risk. When the pads are completely worn out, the discs wear out and must be replaced with an additional expense for the motorist.
Brake pads and fluid
Many cars have a warning light that warns of pad wear. Otherwise, it is best to take the car to the mechanic who will remove the wheels and check them. The optimal level of the brake fluid guarantees the correct functioning of their hydraulic system. If the fluid goes down too quickly, there can be leaks that must be resolved immediately.
You can also check the level yourself by looking at the small tank in the engine compartment. Otherwise, wait for the warning light on the dashboard to signal a problem. But in these cases, it is always better to play in advance.
To check the brakes, you must check both the pads and the discs. If you remove the wheel, the worn pads are easily visible. You can still hear them emit an annoying hiss between the support and the brake disc. Instead, you must replace the discs when the latter has a noticeable step at their outermost end no less than 3 millimeters.
4. Battery fluid and lights operation
As for the batteries, their maintenance is extremely simple. Just check the level of distilled water from time to time. You can add a little and remember to keep the lid dry and clean. Remember that a battery with little liquid undergoes premature wear and malfunctions.
Battery fluid and lights operation
For the maintenance to be as accurate as possible, it would be good to check the operation of all the lights periodically. You ensure that high beams, dipped beams, position lights, fog lights, and stop lights work perfectly. The height of the headlights is also very important. If it is too high, it could dazzle the objects in front of us. And if it is too low, it cannot shed enough light.
It is one of the most common operations. You must consist in checking that all the trays inside the engine compartment show the required filling value. When you open the hood, you will find the expansion tank of the cooling system. It shows the radiator liquid. The level must be within the minimum and maximum values showed.
Then, find the brake oil reservoir but do not touch it except in the event of large fluid leaks. It would be necessary to contact an authorized workshop and the reservoir containing the wiper fluid. For checking engine oil, you must use the classic dipstick that has always been present in all internal combustion engines.
5. Wear of windshield wipers and washer fluid level
At first glance, they seem to be unimportant details. But remember that perfect visibility while driving is the first insurance against serious accidents. Worn brushes do not clean the windshield properly. Altering visibility and the lack of washer fluid could threaten your safety.
Wear of windshield wipers and washer fluid level
Taking care of your vehicle is relatively easy. At the base of all maintenance activities, there is the user manual. It contains all the useful information to intervene consciously in your car.
If you have the consistency to follow our information about car maintenance: top 5 things you didn’t know about, you can keep your vehicle in top shape. You can also use one of the specific apps to schedule various interventions and monitor the history of repairs carried out on your vehicle.