Everything you need to know about common bone and muscle defects

Rohan Mathew

Updated on:

Bone and muscle defects are more common than you would imagine. Here are a few common muscle and bone defects and what should be done if you or someone you know suffers from them. Although not all can be treated, with proper management, all can be pointedly improved.

Metatarsus Adductus

Metatarsus adductus is a foot deformity that an infant is born within which the foot is turned inward. Potential risk factors include babies born in the breech position, mothers who cannot supply enough amniotic fluid (a condition called oligohydramnios), as well as a family history. The back of the foot and the ankles will generally be fine, but the foot’s front and a middle will be twisted towards the middle of the body. About half of infants born with metatarsus adductus will be born with both feet affected. While this is a problem that will be worked out easily with no further complications, experienced orthopedic surgeons in Melbourne can give the best treatment plan for the child to grow to walk normally.

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Osteoporosis is when bone tissue begins to thin, thus causing a decrease in bone density over time. It is most common in women over the age of fifty and men over the age of seventy. This can be a hazardous condition because less dense bones are significantly more likely to break when someone sustains a fall or other injury. Other than age and gender, risk factors include being confined to a bed for long periods, having a vitamin D deficiency, a low body weight, a calcium deficiency, and a family history of the condition. Though there are no symptoms early on, later-stage symptoms include bone pain and tenderness, a loss of height, and fractures with little trauma. Treatment plans mainly focus on controlling pain and minimizing further loss of bone density through supplements and exercise.

Hip dysplasia

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a condition that can either form in the womb or develop in infancy in which the hip is malformed or dislocated. It occurs much more commonly in baby girls. Though the exact cause is unknown, risk factors include babies born in the breech position, a family history, or tight swaddling of the child. It is very important to treat this condition early to prevent pain and difficulty walking and early-onset arthritis.

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Dislocated Joints

Joint dislocation (also known as luxation) is when the bones in a joint become either displaced or misaligned. Similarly, there is a condition called partial dislocation (or subluxation). Dislocations and partial dislocations occur most commonly in the knees, shoulders, fingers, wrists, and elbows. This can be a frightening and painful injury, but it is treatable with proper care. It may not lead to further injury if you seek medical attention right away. Although it may seem simple to fix, never attempt to relocate a joint on your own unless you are a trained professional; this may cause further injury.