In this era, technology has an inevitable part in every aspect of life. Agriculture is the backbone of every country because it provides the basic need of life, food. So, farmers have to manage their crop’s production and health. Because of better results, drones replace a bullock and tractors. Drones are a phenomenal innovation as they play a role in the best quality of the crop. Drones have become a staple tool in precise farming. They help us to take precautions in advance because we monitor the crops on farms. The population have increased so far, so there is increased demand for crops these days. So you are in the right place in which we discuss the methods for boosting crop production. . Drones have special features that help in boosting the best quality of crops.
CAMERAS AND SENSORS:
With high-resolution cameras, the farmers can gather data to monitor the crops’ yield, pest damage, and crop stress. After collecting the data, we translate it into useful information. We capture farms’ images in visible, near-infrared, and infrared light.
Sensors are also beneficial to crop mapping and management. Thermal sensors can detect the over and under-water condition present in Mavic to enterprise drones. Visual sensors can determine the mapping and imaging of crops, plant health, and water quality. Farmers can see what is happening in their farms; they need no people hired for this work. Farmers can focus on that area that was not producing the crops and attacked by fungus.
Spraying is a tough and demanding task for farmers as it covers large areas of farms. Drones help spray the fertilizers. The exact quantity of fertilizers plays a beneficial role in ecology because it saves the fertilizers. The harmful gas emitted out by fertilizers damage the ozone layer. Any damage to the ozone layer causes skin cancer in humans. So drones are beneficial to both farms as well as humans.
DJI Phantom 4 RTK drone is one of the most spot spray fertilizer which is best for crop development. Spot spray is a paradise in farming because it almost hit the affected area, not the healthy area. This detects the infected area of crops and also manage them. In this way, they boost the productivity of crops. Besides, the aerial spray is five-time faster than traditional ones, according to experts.
he soil condition in the beginning, middle, and end of each crop help farmers establish the soil’s quantity. Water conditions also estimated by drones. We can estimate the pH, saline level, texture and water level with the drone’s help by mapping. Drones help us collect these data, and they will help farmers pay attention to the nutrition of the crops.
Drones provide nutrients to the crops for their better health. They also offer nitrogen level monitoring in soil. Drones also contain a claw that is necessary for putting the soil into it and, we examine this soil. Drones are associated with the assessment of the soil that is fertile and futile. Drones are also associated with assessing the soil of the different regions according to the level of nutrients.
Different Pesticides protect the farms and crops in them. Pesticides are chemicals that destroyed the pest, herb, and insects other organisms. Herbicides, fungicides, insecticides are also included in this category. Drones spray these solutions and save humans because it is hazardous to their health. Drones spray the pesticide at the location of the damage. So, farmers control the damage at their farms. Farmers protect their crops with the pesticide in limited quantity. Their toxicity affects major organs of humans.
Crop surveillance :
Drones are capable of seeing the area of crops and their health. We can get updates of plants due to lens on drones. We get more attention to plants that are diseased and affected. We can get a view of pants that are dry and need some improvement. Drones give the vegetation index that helps us determine the crop’s health, the amount of heat the crops emits, and heat signature. This will help crops to sustain their life. Drones keep an eye on the farms and animals and reduce the need for humans in the workplace because they gaze on pasture. It detects the cattle, sick ones and the exact number. These drones are better for surveillance than hiring dogs.
Benefits of drones over manual methods :
Drones are helpful to increase the overall efficacy of farming. They help to reduce the cost of money and waste of time. Drones increase crops production by approximately 5%, which is a noticeable increase. Drone technology is complex and tough and requires a third party for farming. Different types of drones are designed differently, which helps us collect these data and boost the crops’ productivity in farms. Drone market is expected to reach at a CAGR of 31.1% from 2019 to 2025 to reach $5.19 billion. \