What is myofascial release in physical therapy?

Berry Mathew

What is myofascial release in physical therapy?

Myofascial release is a therapy technique used in physical therapy that focuses on the release of myofascial tissues that surround and support muscles. This technique targets trigger points in the fascia to ease pain, improve mobility, and enhance tissue flexibility. 

Myofascial release is a non-invasive technique that is generally used in conjunction with other forms of physical therapy to help patients achieve optimal health and wellness. 

By using gentle, sustained pressure on the fascia, myofascial release helps to release tension and promote healing. 

In this article, we will explore the importance of myofascial release in physical therapy and provide a comprehensive overview of its benefits, techniques, and conditions treated.

What is Fascia?

Fascia is a tissue that surrounds and connects muscles, bones, and organs in the body. It is a continuous, three-dimensional web-like system that provides support, stability, and structure to the body. 

Fascia is made up of collagen and elastin fibers, and it varies in density and thickness throughout the body. 

There are different types of fascia, including superficial fascia, which is located just beneath the skin; visceral fascia, which surrounds internal organs; and deep fascia, which surrounds muscles, bones, and nerves. 

Understanding the role and types of fascia is essential to grasp the importance of myofascial release in physical therapy. For more information, you can contact FYZICAL Therapy & Balance Centers in Berkeley Heights, NJ.

What is Myofascial Release?

Myofascial release is a manual therapy technique that involves applying gentle pressure to the fascia to release trigger points and tension. This technique aims to restore the smooth movement and proper alignment of muscles and connective tissues. 

The purpose of myofascial release is to break up adhesions within the fascia, improve blood flow, and reduce pain and discomfort. 

Myofascial release has a wide range of therapeutic benefits, including improved muscle function, enhanced recovery after physical activity, and the prevention of future injuries. 

In the following sections, we will explore the different techniques used in myofascial release and the specific conditions that can benefit from this Physical Therapy at Berkeley Heights.

Techniques of Myofascial Release

There are several techniques and approaches used in myofascial release, each tailored to treat specific tissues or issues. The three main techniques used include:

Direct Myofascial Release

This approach involves targeting the restricted areas of the fascia and applying sustained pressure to relax the tightness in the tissues. Direct myofascial release aims to break up adhesions, improving mobility and reducing pain.

Indirect Myofascial Release

Indirect myofascial release works to stretch and lengthen the fascia, helping to release tension in the tissues. This approach can be applied to wider areas of the body, and it is generally gentler than direct myofascial release.

Trigger Point Therapy

Trigger point therapy is a technique used to release tight, painful trigger points within muscles. The therapist targets specific trigger points and applies pressure to bring relief to the affected area.

Each technique is unique and can be used to treat different conditions, ranging from acute injuries to chronic pain. By addressing these specific areas, myofascial release can help to reduce pain and increase mobility for improved quality of life.

Conditions Treated with Myofascial Release

Myofascial release can be a beneficial therapy for treating a variety of conditions, including:

Muscular Pain

Myofascial release can help relieve muscular pain caused by repetitive stress, overuse, or strain.

Joint Pain

This therapy can also help to reduce joint pain by relieving tension in the muscles and fascia surrounding the affected joint.

Back Pain

Myofascial release is frequently used to treat back pain caused by tightness or tension in the muscles and fascia of the back.


For individuals with fibromyalgia, myofascial release can help decrease the severity of symptoms such as pain, stiffness, and fatigue.


By releasing tension in the neck, shoulders, and head, myofascial release can help to reduce the frequency and severity of headaches.

By applying specific techniques tailored to the individual’s specific condition, myofascial release can effectively alleviate symptoms and improve the quality of life for those experiencing these conditions.


Myofascial release in Berkeley Heights is a powerful therapy technique that can help relieve pain and improve overall wellness. It is a safe and non-invasive technique that targets the body’s fascia to release tension, reduce pain, and improve range of motion. 

The three main techniques used in myofascial release – direct, indirect, and trigger point therapy – are geared toward specific areas of the body and are used to treat a variety of conditions ranging from muscular and joint pain to headaches and fibromyalgia. 

By releasing tightness and tension within the fascia, myofascial release promotes muscle function, flexibility, and enhanced recovery from injury.

If you want to understand myofascial release in more detail, you can contact the specialists at FYZICAL Therapy & Balance Centers in Berkeley Heights, NJ.