What Is Pressure Head?

Charlotte Miller

Are you curious to know what is pressure head? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about pressure head in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is pressure head?

In the intricate world of fluid mechanics, understanding the concept of pressure head is paramount. From its role in pump systems to its application in Bernoulli’s equation, pressure head is a fundamental aspect that governs the behavior of fluids. In this comprehensive article, we will explore the nuances of pressure head, its formula, its relationship with velocity head, and its significance in pump systems and fluid dynamics.

What Is Pressure Head?

Pressure head in fluid mechanics is a measure of the energy exerted by a fluid due to its pressure. It represents the potential energy of the fluid resulting from its pressure at a certain point. Pressure head is a crucial parameter in fluid dynamics, providing insights into the energy distribution within a fluid and its ability to perform work.

What Is Pressure Head Formula?

The formula for pressure head is derived from the fundamental principles of fluid mechanics. It can be expressed as:

Hp = P/ρ⋅g


  • Hp is the pressure head,
  • P is the pressure of the fluid,
  • ρ is the density of the fluid, and
  • g is the acceleration due to gravity.

This formula signifies that pressure head is directly proportional to the pressure of the fluid and inversely proportional to its density and the gravitational acceleration.

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What Is Velocity Head And Pressure Head?

In fluid mechanics, velocity head and pressure head are two components of total head, which represents the total energy of a fluid particle. Velocity head (Hv) is associated with the kinetic energy of the fluid, while pressure head (Hp) is related to the potential energy resulting from pressure. The total head (H) is the sum of these two components:


This relationship highlights the dynamic interplay between pressure and velocity in fluid flow.

What Is Pressure Head In Pump?

Pressure head plays a pivotal role in pump systems, where it influences the pump’s ability to lift and move fluids. When a pump imparts energy to a fluid, it increases the pressure head, enabling the fluid to overcome resistance and reach higher elevations. Understanding pressure head in pump systems is essential for efficient design and operation, ensuring that the pump can meet the required pressure specifications.

What Is Pressure Head In Bernoulli’s Equation?

Bernoulli’s equation, a cornerstone in fluid mechanics, incorporates pressure head as one of its components. The equation is given by:


Here, P represents pressure head, 1/2​ρv^2  represents velocity head, and ρgh represents elevation head. Bernoulli’s equation emphasizes the conservation of energy in fluid flow, illustrating how pressure head contributes to the overall energy balance.

Pressure Head Unit

The unit of pressure head is typically measured in meters (m) when using the standard formula. However, other units such as feet or centimeters can be used based on the specific requirements of the application. It is crucial to maintain consistency in units when working with pressure head calculations to ensure accurate results.

What Is Head In Fluid Mechanics?

In the context of fluid mechanics, the term “head” refers to the total energy of a fluid particle at a specific point. It encompasses pressure head, velocity head, and elevation head. Head is a comprehensive measure that aids engineers and researchers in analyzing and predicting fluid behavior in various scenarios, including pumps, pipelines, and hydraulic systems.

Pressure Head Of Water

The pressure head of water is a critical parameter in hydraulic systems, irrigation, and water distribution networks. It dictates the force exerted by the water at a given point, influencing the performance of pumps, valves, and other components. Engineers carefully consider the pressure head of water when designing systems to ensure efficient and reliable operation.

Pressure Head Vs Elevation Head

While pressure head is associated with the potential energy of a fluid due to its pressure, elevation head pertains to the potential energy resulting from the height of the fluid above a reference point. The sum of pressure head, velocity head, and elevation head constitutes the total head in fluid mechanics. Distinguishing between pressure head and elevation head is crucial for accurately analyzing and designing fluid systems.


In conclusion, pressure head is a fundamental concept in fluid mechanics that permeates various aspects of engineering and physics. From its role in pump systems to its integration into Bernoulli’s equation, pressure head provides valuable insights into the behavior of fluids. A thorough understanding of pressure head is essential for engineers, researchers, and students working in fields where fluid dynamics and energy conservation are paramount. By unraveling the complexities of pressure head, we gain a deeper appreciation for the intricacies of fluid mechanics and its applications in diverse industries.


What Is The Pressure Head Class 11?

Hint: Pressure head is the height of a column of liquid which corresponds to the pressure in a liquid. If we divide Bernoulli’s equation by $g$, we obtain a head of pressure, kinetic and elevation. Now each term has the dimension of energy per unit mass of fluid.

Why Is It Called Head Pressure?

The term “head” is used to represent the vertical height of a static column of a liquid corresponding to the mechanical energy contained in the liquid per unit mass. Head can also be considered as the amount of work necessary to move a liquid from its original position to its final required delivery position.

What Is Total Head And Pressure Head?

The total head of the pump is the difference between the total discharge head (point 2) and the total suction head (point 1). The term “total” indicates that it includes the static pressure head (h), the velocity head (hv), and the elevation head (Z).

What Is Pressure Energy Head?

The pressure head describes the measure for a liquid’s pressure and is expressed by: p Static pressure. ρ Density of fluid handled. g Acceleration due to gravity. According to EN 12723, pressure head is the pressure energy in a fluid under static pressure (p) per unit weight.

I Have Covered All The Following Queries And Topics In The Above Article

What Is Pressure Head In Fluid Mechanics

What Is Pressure Head Formula

What Is Velocity Head And Pressure Head

What Is Pressure Head In Pump

What Is Pressure Head Formula

What Is Pressure Head In Fluid Mechanics

What Is Pressure Head In Bernoulli’s Equation

Pressure Head Unit

What Is Pressure Head In Pump

What Is Head In Fluid Mechanics

Pressure Head Of Water

Pressure Head Vs Elevation Head

What Is Pressure Head