What Is A Pathologist?

Rohan Mathew

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What Is A Pathologist?

Nearly in every hospital, there are pathologists but What is a pathologist? Pathologists are all locked behind the doors of the laboratory. And these laboratory tests are important for medical decisions as 70% of the decisions depend on these tests. A pathologist plays a huge and important role in the diagnosis of any disease or for the treatment of a patient. So let us know what is a pathologist? 

What Is A Pathologist?

A pathologist is a medical health care helper that examines bodies and body tissues or blood tests. They are responsible to carry or perform a laboratory test. Pathologists help doctors and others to diagnose the carry the treatment of a patient. 

Pathology Definition

A pathologist is a physician that studies the cause and effects of a disease. He/she is a medical person or helper that runs a laboratory test on the body tissues or blood samples to help the doctors diagnose the problem or disease and start with the right treatment for the patient.

What Does A Pathologist Do?

Pathologists play a very important part in the medical field. They perform tests and diagnose the blood samples or body tissues in a pathology laboratory. Their reports are the ones that are responsible for making the right decisions of the treatment.

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How To Become A Pathologist

A pathologist has to complete their medical schooling and besides you have to at least complete the 3 years of advance medical education. These 3 years of advance medical education should be residency training so that you are eligible to pass our board certification exams. You have to pass out the American Boards of Pathology exams.

A pathologist has to train in both clinical as well as anatomical pathology. A pathologist has to practice in every area regarding pathology although the American Board of pathology gives certification for the following areas.

  • Blood Banking/transfusion

Specialist in monitoring, processing, and compatibility of blood

  • Chemical Pathology

Specialist in organic and inorganic substances in body fluids etc

  • Clinical Informatics

This is about informal systems and databases. They also take care of quality control and assurances. 

  • Cytopathology

Study of cellular alteration disease commonly diagnose cancer

  • Dermatopathology

Dermatopathology is a subspecialist in pathology as well as dermatology. They are also specialized in skin biopsies. They also diagnose complex immunological diseases

  • Forensic Pathology

The forensic pathologist studies the tissues of dead people who die suddenly or violently.

  • Hematology

They are specialist in disease or dysfunction of blood

  • Medical Microbiology

These pathologists study infectious organisms and antibodies.

  • Molecular genetic Pathology

They study genetic markers and testings

  • Neuropathology

Neuropathologists diagnose neurological disease and study the nervous system

  • Pediatric Pathology

They are specially for children

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Are Pathologists Real Doctors?

A pathologist is a physician that studies the cause and effects of a disease. He/she is a medical person or helper that runs a laboratory test on the body tissues or blood samples to help the doctors diagnose the problem or disease and start with the right treatment for the patient.

Do Pathologists Do Autopsies?

Clinical Autopsies are performed by doctors that are pathologists. These pathologists are Commonly known as forensic pathologists.

What Is An Example Of Pathology?

Pathology means examining the cause of illness and the effect it on the body cells. The effects of illness are studied in different ways for example cell necrosis, cell death, cancer formation, and inflammation, etc.

How Many Years Does It Take To Become A Pathologist?

A pathologist education includes a bachelor’s degree from medical school. It takes 4 years to complete the degree and then 3 to 7 years for internship and residency programs. Also, remember that medical schools are very highly competitive.

Do You Need An MD To Be A Pathologist?

The education required to become a pathologist is very rigorous. First, one must complete a college bachelor’s degree. This is followed by obtaining a medical degree from either an Osteopathic Medical Program (D.O. degree) or an Allopathic Medical program (M.D. degree) which takes four years to complete.

Is Pathologist A MBBS Doctor?

To become a Pathologist, one needs to graduate with an MBBS degree and then pursue Diploma or MD in Pathology or other similar courses that have been recognised by the Medical Council of India, abbreviated as MCI.

Why Would Someone See A Pathologist?

Pathologists are often involved in the diagnosis of illness. A pathologist may examine a sample of tissue for a virus, bacteria, or other infectious agents. The vast majority of cancer diagnoses are made by, or in conjunction with, a pathologist. Pathologists may also help guide the course of treatment.

What Is The Difference Between A Doctor And A Pathologist?

Is a pathologist a doctor? Yes, a pathologist is a medical doctor. They attend medical school and earn a Doctor of Medicine (MD) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) degree.


Pathologists are a very important part of the medical field. They practice in community, government hospitals as well as in clinics and private hospitals. Pathologists are the ones that are responsible for diagnosing and treatment as their tested reports are what the doctors follow. A pathologist has to recertify every t10 years through the American Board of Pathology to continue their practice. Today we described everything about what is a pathologist to you and helpful they are to us